Tucson, Arizona - Basic Facts

Tucson is the common name for the community and surrounding area while the formal official name is the City of Tucson.

It is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Pima County at latitude 32.2217 and longitude -110.9265. Pima County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 2,490 feet.

The formal boundaries for the City of Tucson (see map) encompass a land area of 230.8 sq. miles and a water area of 0.32 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Tucson: Fucson, Lucson, San Casme del Tucson, Teuson, Toison, Tuczon, Tugson, Tuguison, Tuison, Tulquson, Tuozon, Tuquisson, Tuqulson.

Camera Icon Photos of the local Tucson, AZ area

Also See: Tucson, AZ ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps

Tucson, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 527,538
Population in Households 506,416
Population in Familes 368,602
Population in Group Qrtrs 21,122
Population Density1 2,327
Diversity Index2 76


Total Households 208,273
Average Household Size 2.43
Family Households 116,424
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 235,240 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 100,897 (42.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 107,375 (45.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 26,967 (11.5%)
Median Home Value $130,404
Average Home Value $171,166


Median Household Income $36,609
Average Household Income $48,602
Per Capita Income $19,894
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


Population 0.33% 0.3%
Households 0.33% 0.32%
Families 0.05% 0.11%
Median Household Income   2.62%
Per Capita Income   2.51%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Tucson, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Tucson to the other 451 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable DescriptionRankPercentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density1 # 24 95th
Diversity Index2 # 38 92nd
Median Household Income # 219 52nd
Per Capita Income # 190 58th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.