Arizona Gazetteer

Arizona - Basic Information

Became a State: February 14, 1912 - 48th State
Population: 6,392,017 (2010 Census) - Ranks 16th
Land Area: 113,594.1 square miles - Ranks 6th
Population Density: 56.3 persons per square mile - Ranks 33rd
Housing Units: 2,844,526 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 25.0 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2014 Estimates: Arizona Data and Demographics
State Capital: Phoenix
State Website: Official State of Arizona Website
Arizona State Flag
Arizona state flag

Arizona History

The United States acquired most of the area of Arizona from Mexico in 1848. The United States acquired additional area, comprising the southern part of Arizona, from Mexico in 1853 as part of the Gadsden Purchase. Arizona Territory was organized from the western part of New Mexico Territory on February 24, 1863. Part of Arizona Territory north and west of the Colorado River was added to the state of Nevada in 1866, resulting in generally the same boundary as the present state of Arizona.

Although the territory had not yet been legally established, census data are available for Arizona beginning with the 1860 census. For an explanation of the revision to the 1860 population of Arizona, see Richard L. Forstall, Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996, page 14.

Data for the legally established state of Arizona are available beginning with the 1920 census.

Arizona Geographical Areas

Counties & County Equivalents

There are 15 counties in Arizona.  Each county is governed by a board of supervisors.

County Subdivisions

There are 80 county subdivisions in Arizona.  They are all census county divisions (CCDs), which are delineated for statistical purposes, have no legal function, and are not governmental units.  CCDs were first established in Arizona for the 1960 census.  Prior to 1960, the minor civil divisions used in the census include supervisorial districts, election precincts, justice precincts, school districts, land-survey townships, and Indian reservations.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Arizona has 451 places; 90 incorporated places and 361 census designated places (CDPs).  The incorporated places consist of 45 cities and 45 towns.  The minimum population threshold required for incorporation is 1,500. 

Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Arizona Civil Features

Arizona Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 7 Metropolitan and 4 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Arizona. AZ Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Arizona ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 408 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Arizona. View Arizona ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Arizona has 104 elementary school districts, 15 secondary school districts, and 99 unified school districts. View Arizona Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

For the 111th Congress (January 2009-January 2011), Arizona had eight congressional districts.  For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Arizona has nine congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of Arizona Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 30 state senate districts and 30 state house districts in Arizona.

American Indian Areas

Arizona has 21 federally recognized American Indian reservations; 4 with associated off-reservation trust lands in the state.

Arizona Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Arizona Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Arizona Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Arizona Historical Features and Arizona Historic Landmarks

Arizona Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive AZ map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any AZ school map

Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Selected Arizona Census Data Data: Population,   Population Density,   Diversity Index,   Median Household Incomes,   Per Capita Income
Locations: Cites & Towns,   Counties,   ZIP Codes
Highest or Lowest: Show Highest Values,   Show Lowest Values
Results: Show 20 Results,   Show 200 Results
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