Elgin, AZ Profile: Facts & Data


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Elgin, Arizona - Basic Facts

The Elgin Census Designated Place had a population of 169 as of July 1, 2020. Elgin ranks in the lower quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elgin is located at latitude 31.6598 and longitude -110.5254 in Santa Cruz County. The formal boundaries for the Elgin Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 5.95 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Santa Cruz County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 4,728 feet.

The Elgin Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2408073) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Elgin Census Designated Place is located within Patagonia Division of Santa Cruz County.


Elgin, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 169 (100%)
Population in Households 169 (100.0%)
Population in Families 137 (81.1%)
Population in Group Quarters1 0
Population Density 28
Diversity Index2 43


Median Household Income $66,365
Average Household Income $89,469
% of Income for Mortgage4 24%
Per Capita Income $41,805
Wealth Index5 116


Total HU (Housing Units) 88 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 60 (68.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 14 (15.9%)
Vacant Housing Units 14 (15.9%)
Median Home Value $387,500
Average Home Value $510,417
Housing Affordability Index3 113


Total Households 74
Average Household Size 2.28
Family Households 50
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.47% 0.82%
Households 0.68% 0.8%
Families 0.0% 0.79%
Median Household Income   1.22%
Per Capita Income   1.43%
Owner Occupied HU   0.66%


Elgin, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elgin to the other 450 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 364 19th
Population Density # 399 12th
Median Household Income # 44 90th
Housing Affordability Index # 121 27th
Per Capita Income # 26 94th
Diversity Index # 213 53rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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