Tempe, AZ Profile: Facts & Data


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Tempe, Arizona - Basic Facts

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The City of Tempe is the 9th largest city in Arizona with a population of 186,194 as of July 1, 2022. Tempe ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Tempe is located at latitude 33.4148 and longitude -111.9093 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Tempe encompass a land area of 39.99 sq. miles and a water area of 0.26 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 1,181 feet.

The City of Tempe has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Tempe is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Tempe: Butte City, Haydens Butte, Haydens Ferry, Haydens Mill, San Pablo.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Tempe 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Tempe (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Tempe, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 186,194 (100%)
Population in Households 176,497 (94.8%)
Population in Families 104,062 (55.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 9,697 ( 5.2%)
Population Density 4,662
Diversity Index2 75


Median Household Income $64,866
Average Household Income $91,012
% of Income for Mortgage4 26%
Per Capita Income $38,570
Wealth Index5 72


Total HU (Housing Units) 84,712 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 30,107 (35.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 48,280 (57.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 6,325 ( 7.5%)
Median Home Value $319,552
Average Home Value $364,048
Housing Affordability Index3 97


Total Households 78,387
Average Household Size 2.25
Family Households 34,236
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population 1.37% 1.03%
Households 1.66% 1.10%
Families   0.96%
Median Household Income   3.71%
Per Capita Income   3.18%
Owner Occupied HU   1.21%

Tempe, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Tempe to the other 467 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 9 98th
Population Density # 7 99th
Median Household Income # 76 84th
Housing Affordability Index # 189 40th
Per Capita Income # 82 83rd
Diversity Index # 89 81st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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