Phoenix, AZ Profile: Facts & Data

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Phoenix, Arizona - Basic Facts

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The City of Phoenix is the largest city in Arizona with a population of 1,637,800 as of July 1, 2021. Phoenix ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Phoenix is located at latitude 33.4484 and longitude -112.074 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Phoenix encompass a land area of 517.51 sq. miles and a water area of 1.33 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 1,086 feet.

The City of Phoenix has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Phoenix is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Phoenix: East Phoenix, Hellings Mill, Mill City, Phenix, Pumpkinsville, Salt River, Smith Station, Smith Station Phenix, Smiths Station.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Phoenix 2021 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Phoenix (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2021 Demographics
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Phoenix, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2021)

POPULATION

Total Population 1,637,800 (100%)
Population in Households 1,610,699 (98.3%)
Population in Families 1,260,795 (77.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 27,101 ( 1.7%)
Population Density 3,164
Diversity Index2 80
 
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $61,072
Average Household Income $86,454
% of Income for Mortgage4 21%
Per Capita Income $31,015
Wealth Index5 89
 

HOUSING

Total HU (Housing Units) 652,289 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 335,078 (51.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 249,988 (38.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 67,223 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $300,972
Average Home Value $365,939
Housing Affordability Index3 119
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 585,066
Average Household Size 2.75
Family Households 366,542
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2021 2021-2026
Population 1.1% 1.38%
Households 1.14% 1.48%
Families 0.91% 1.28%
Median Household Income   2.49%
Per Capita Income   2.49%
Owner Occupied HU   1.51%

Phoenix, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Phoenix to the other 450 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2021 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 15 97th
Median Household Income # 57 88th
Housing Affordability Index # 199 44th
Per Capita Income # 100 78th
Diversity Index # 21 96th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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