Phoenix, AZ Profile: Facts & Data

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Phoenix, Arizona - Basic Facts

The City of Phoenix is the largest city in Arizona with a population of 1,628,096 as of July 1, 2019. Phoenix ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Phoenix is located at latitude 33.4484 and longitude -112.074 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Phoenix encompass a land area of 517.51 sq. miles and a water area of 1.33 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 1,086 feet.

The City of Phoenix (GNIS ID: 2411414) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Phoenix is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Phoenix: East Phoenix, Hellings Mill, Mill City, Phenix, Pumpkinsville, Salt River, Smith Station, Smith Station Phenix, Smiths Station.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Phoenix 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Phoenix (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Phoenix, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Phoenix, AZ Housing Affordability Index is 112
State of Arizona Housing Affordability Index is 118
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Phoenix, AZ Wealth Index is 86
State of Arizona Wealth Index is 94
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Arizona COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 1,628,096
Population in Households 1,602,506
Population in Families 1,257,583
Population in Group Qrtrs 25,590
Population Density 3,145
Diversity Index1 80
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $55,826
Average Household Income $80,037
Per Capita Income $28,562
Wealth Index3 86

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 644,852 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 324,710 (50.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 253,937 (39.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 66,205 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $251,836
Housing Affordability Index2 112
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 578,647
Average Household Size 2.77
Family Households 363,394
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  2. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  3. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 1.28% 1.37%
Households 1.26% 1.4%
Families 1.01% 1.23%
Median Household Income   2.6%
Per Capita Income   2.82%

Phoenix, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Phoenix to the other 450 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 15 97th
Diversity Index # 21 96th
Median Household Income # 78 83rd
Per Capita Income # 112 75th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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