Phoenix, AZ Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Phoenix, Arizona - Basic Facts

The City of Phoenix is the largest city in Arizona with a population of 1,601,381 as of July 1, 2017. Phoenix ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Phoenix is located at latitude 33.5722 and longitude -112.0901 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Phoenix (see map below) encompass a land area of 517.51 sq. miles and a water area of 1.33 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 1,086 feet.

The City of Phoenix (GNIS ID: 2411414) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Phoenix is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Phoenix population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Phoenix: East Phoenix, Hellings Mill, Mill City, Phenix, Pumpkinsville, Salt River, Smith Station, Smith Station Phenix, Smiths Station.

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City of Phoenix, AZ Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Phoenix Division | Maricopa County | Arizona Counties

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Phoenix, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 1,601,381
Daytime Population: Workers 871,316
Daytime Population: Residents 859,507
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 1,730,823
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.08
Population in Households 1,576,188
Population in Familes 1,240,387
Population in Group Qrtrs 25,193
Population Density2 3,094
Diversity Index3 79


Median Household Income $50,521
Average Household Income $70,486
Per Capita Income $25,311


Total Housing Units 639,845 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 303,241 (47.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 263,305 (41.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 73,300 (11.5%)
Median Home Value $204,110
Average Home Value $265,528


Total Households 566,545
Average Household Size 2.78
Family Households 358,459
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.4% 1.53%
Households 1.32% 1.51%
Families 1.1% 1.37%
Median Household Income   1.71%
Per Capita Income   2.37%

Phoenix, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Phoenix to the other 451 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 16 97th
Diversity Index # 24 95th
Median Household Income # 89 80th
Per Capita Income # 115 75th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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