Peoria, AZ Profile: Facts & Data


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Peoria, Arizona - Basic Facts

The City of Peoria is the 8th largest city in Arizona with a population of 200,505 as of July 1, 2023. Peoria ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Peoria is located at latitude 33.5806 and longitude -112.2374 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Peoria encompass a land area of 175.35 sq. miles and a water area of 3.66 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7).

While the primary coordinates for City of Peoria are located in Maricopa County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Yavapai County.

The City of Peoria has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Peoria is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Peoria 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Peoria (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Peoria, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 200,505 (100%)
Population in Households 198,209 (98.9%)
Population in Families 166,054 (82.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 2,296 ( 1.1%)
Population Density 1,139
Diversity Index2 65


Median Household Income $89,533
Average Household Income $118,865
% of Income for Mortgage4 27%
Per Capita Income $44,031
Wealth Index5 118
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (54.2)


Total HU (Housing Units) 80,714 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 57,470 (71.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 16,766 (20.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 6,478 ( 8.0%)
Median Home Value $395,690
Average Home Value $443,601
Housing Affordability Index3 96


Total Households 74,236
Average Household Size 2.67
Family Households 52,817
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 1.51% 0.13%
Households 1.77% 0.31%
Families   0.39%
Median Household Income   2.93%
Per Capita Income   3.26%
Owner Occupied HU   0.52%

Peoria, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Peoria to the other 467 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 8 99th
Population Density # 59 88th
Median Household Income # 43 91st
Housing Affordability Index # 251 54th
Per Capita Income # 64 87th
Diversity Index # 142 70th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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