Mesa, AZ Profile: Facts & Data


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Mesa, Arizona - Basic Facts

The City of Mesa is the 3rd largest city in Arizona with a population of 517,496 as of July 1, 2023. Mesa ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Mesa is located at latitude 33.4223 and longitude -111.8226 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the City of Mesa encompass a land area of 137.6 sq. miles and a water area of 0.76 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7).

The City of Mesa has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Mesa is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Mesa 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Mesa (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Mesa, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 517,496 (100%)
Population in Households 511,494 (98.8%)
Population in Families 407,588 (78.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 6,002 ( 1.2%)
Population Density 3,674
Diversity Index2 73


Median Household Income $72,241
Average Household Income $99,950
% of Income for Mortgage4 29%
Per Capita Income $38,385
Wealth Index5 91
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (48.6)


Total HU (Housing Units) 225,242 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 126,999 (56.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 71,587 (31.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 26,656 (11.8%)
Median Home Value $351,465
Average Home Value $390,326
Housing Affordability Index3 88


Total Households 198,586
Average Household Size 2.58
Family Households 129,606
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.80% 0.11%
Households 1.13% 0.30%
Families   0.36%
Median Household Income   2.99%
Per Capita Income   3.31%
Owner Occupied HU   0.52%

Mesa, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Mesa to the other 467 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 100th
Population Density # 13 97th
Median Household Income # 83 82nd
Housing Affordability Index # 215 46th
Per Capita Income # 95 80th
Diversity Index # 99 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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