Gilbert, AZ Profile: Facts & Data


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Gilbert, Arizona - Basic Facts

The Town of Gilbert is the 5th largest city in Arizona with a population of 284,510 as of July 1, 2023. Gilbert ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Arizona. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Gilbert is located at latitude 33.3528 and longitude -111.789 in Maricopa County. The formal boundaries for the Town of Gilbert encompass a land area of 67.87 sq. miles and a water area of 0.18 sq. miles. Maricopa County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7).

The Town of Gilbert has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Arizona is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Town of Gilbert is located within Phoenix Division of Maricopa County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Gilbert 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Gilbert (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Arizona Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Arizona Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Gilbert, AZ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 284,510 (100%)
Population in Households 283,307 (99.6%)
Population in Families 247,078 (86.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 1,203 ( 0.4%)
Population Density 4,146
Diversity Index2 63


Median Household Income $112,000
Average Household Income $146,347
% of Income for Mortgage4 24%
Per Capita Income $49,004
Wealth Index5 137
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (60.3)


Total HU (Housing Units) 99,831 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 70,729 (70.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 24,529 (24.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,573 ( 4.6%)
Median Home Value $451,217
Average Home Value $503,953
Housing Affordability Index3 106


Total Households 95,258
Average Household Size 2.97
Family Households 72,820
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 1.87% 0.38%
Households 2.15% 0.56%
Families   0.62%
Median Household Income   2.37%
Per Capita Income   3.03%
Owner Occupied HU   0.50%

Gilbert, AZ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Gilbert to the other 467 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Arizona by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 5 99th
Population Density # 10 98th
Median Household Income # 11 98th
Housing Affordability Index # 277 59th
Per Capita Income # 42 91st
Diversity Index # 156 67th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Arizona Census Data Comparison Tool.

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